Totem Organic Belgium Endive
Excellent winter vegetable. Also known as Witloof Chicory. Belgian endive is grown in the summer, then the root is dug up in the fall and stored into the winter. When you want fresh greens through the winter, bring the roots to warmer area and they form perfect bright yellow chicons. They can be braised or used as a bitter green in salads. These 8 Inch roots store well which allows a long forcing window. Force from Sept-Jan. Approx. 100 seeds/pkg.
Sow seeds in drills 1/4 inch deep in mid spring. Planting too early may result in bolting. Aloow 4-6 inches between plants with 18 inches between rows.
Grow in full sun, can tolerate ligh tshade. Best platned in well drained, fertile soil enriched with compst with a soil pH of 5.5-7.0. Ensure that the soil is loose and well cultivated. Water during dry spells especially after planting as this will provide for even germination.
Harvest the roots that are grown for forcing after the first frost. Choose roots that are at least 1.5 - 2 inches in diameter at the top. Cut off the remaining leaves to within 1/2 inch of the crown, trim back the side and main roots to about 8-9 inches. Place vertically in boxes of dry sand or peat moss in a cool, dry and dark location. Be sure 1/2 inch of the crown is above soil. Recommended temperature for forcing should be 12-18 degrees C (55-65 degrees F). Water sparingly and cover with black plastic or an empty box. Blanched "chocons" should be ready for cutting within 4 weeks, heads should be firm and about 5 inches long. Gently snap the heads from roots and trim off any excess loose leaves.
Pests & Diseases:
Rarely attacked by pests or diseases.